Prostate Cancer Overview
Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths for men. In the U.S. alone, 2.9 million men live with prostate cancer, there are about 190,000 new cases each year and 33,000 deaths. 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime and today 1 in 41 men die of prostate cancer.1
HALO Diagnostics’ mission is to change these odds with our groundbreaking diagnostic and treatment options and help more men survive and live fulfilling lives!
What Is the Prostate?
The prostate is a small, nut-sized gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is located in front of the rectum, between the bladder and the penis. The prostate releases a milky fluid which is a key ingredient of semen. One of the elements of this milky fluid is the prostate-specific antigen, or PSA. Small amounts of PSA ordinarily circulate in the bloodstream and can be measured by a PSA test to monitor the health of the prostate.
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
While all men are at risk of getting prostate cancer, certain groups of men are more likely to develop cancer than others. Key risk factors for prostate cancer include:
The most important risk factor is age: the older a man is, the more likely he is to be diagnosed with prostate cancer, with the odds for prostate cancer increasing dramatically after men reach 50 years old.
Men with first-degree relatives (such as a father, brother, or son) with prostate cancer are more likely to get diagnosed themselves.
African American men are 1.8 times more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer and 2.5 times more likely not to survive the disease.2
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
While symptoms tend to differ between individuals, there are several that are characteristic of prostate cancer. Though unlikely, it is important to note that it is possible that no symptoms may occur.
- Urinary trouble: Trouble urinating, weaker or spotty urine flow, constant urination (especially at night), and painful urination
- Painful ejaculation
- Constant pain in the back, hips, or pelvis
- Blood presence in urine or semen
It is important to consult a doctor if these or similar symptoms occur.
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) Overview
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), also called prostate gland enlargement, is common as men age into their late forties and beyond. An enlarged prostate can cause bladder, kidney and urinary tract problems and may lead to several uncomfortable urinary symptoms, including:
- Frequent and more urgent need to urinate
- Waking up at night to urinate
- Weak urine stream
- Difficulty and straining to empty the bladder
- Delayed onset of urination
- Inconsistent urine flow